How to Solve a Rubik’s Cube: A Beginner’s Guide

How to Solve a Rubik’s Cube: A Beginner’s Guide

1. Familiarize Yourself with the Cube

Before attempting to solve a Rubik’s Cube, it’s essential to familiarize yourself with its structure and mechanics. The Rubik’s Cube consists of six faces, each with nine colored stickers. The goal is to solve the puzzle by arranging the stickers so that each face is a solid color.

2. Learn the Notation

Understanding the notation used to describe algorithms is crucial for following instructions and solving the puzzle efficiently. The most common notation uses letters to represent different cube movements:

  • F: Front face (clockwise)
  • B: Back face (clockwise)
  • U: Upper face (clockwise)
  • D: Down face (clockwise)
  • R: Right face (clockwise)
  • L: Left face (clockwise)

3. Start with a Beginner’s Method

The easiest method for solving a Rubik’s Cube is the beginner’s method, which involves solving the cube layer by layer. Follow these steps to solve the cube using the beginner’s method:

  1. Solve the White Cross: Start by solving the white cross on the bottom layer of the cube.
  2. Complete the First Layer: Once the white cross is complete, solve the white corners to complete the first layer.
  3. Solve the Middle Layer: Next, solve the middle layer of the cube by positioning the edge pieces correctly.
  4. Solve the Yellow Cross: After completing the first two layers, solve the yellow cross on the top layer.
  5. Position the Yellow Corners: Once the yellow cross is complete, position the yellow corner pieces correctly.
  6. Complete the Cube: Finally, orient the yellow corners to complete the cube.

4. Practice Algorithms

Algorithms are sequences of moves used to manipulate the Rubik’s Cube and solve specific patterns. Practice common algorithms for each step of the solving process, such as:

  • The Cross Algorithm: F R U R’ U’ F’
  • The Corner Swap Algorithm: R U R’ U R U2 R’

5. Experiment and Explore

As you become more comfortable with solving the Rubik’s Cube, don’t be afraid to experiment with different techniques and methods. Explore advanced algorithms, try different solving sequences, and challenge yourself to solve the cube in new and creative ways.


Solving a Rubik’s Cube is a rewarding and satisfying accomplishment that requires patience, practice, and perseverance. By familiarizing yourself with the cube, learning the notation, starting with a beginner’s method, practicing algorithms, and experimenting with different techniques, you can master the art of cube-solving and impress your friends with your Rubik’s Cube-solving skills.